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Threats to Corals and Coral Reefs

Map of the world's threatened reefs [1]

Nearly 60% of the world's coral reefs are threatened by human activity, and that number is even higher for Florida's reefs and reefs in the Caribbean. [1]

Natural Threats

Human-induced Threats

(some of these may be both natural and human-induced)

Related to Climate Change

Case Studies


  1. 1.0 1.1 Bryant, Dirk, Burke, Lauretta, McManus, John, Spalding, Mark, et. al. Reefs at Risk: A Map-Based Indicator of Threats to the World’s Coral Reefs. 1998. World Resources Institute (WRI), International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM), World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).