From coraldigest
Jump to: navigation, search

Works Cited

This is a comprehensive list of all the works cited on this site. References also appear as footnotes on all pages where appropriate.


  • Eddy, T. D. "One Hundred-Fold Difference between Perceived and Actual Levels of Marine Protection in New Zealand." Marine Policy 46 (2014): 61-7. SCOPUS.
  • McClanahan, T. R. "Recovery of Functional Groups and Trophic Relationships in Tropical Fisheries Closures." Marine Ecology Progress Series 497 (2014): 13-23. SCOPUS.
  • Burcke, James. "Catlin Group." Catlin. Catlin Seaview Survey, 21 July 2013.
  • Burge CA, Mouchka ME, Harvell CD and Roberts S (2013) Immune response of the Caribbean sea fan, Gorgonia ventalina, exposed to an Aplanochytrium parasite as revealed by transcriptome sequencing. Front. Physiol. 4:180. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2013.00180
  • Elizabeth D. Crook, Anne L. Cohen, Mario Rebolledo-Vieyra, Laura Hernandez, and Adina Paytan. Reduced calcification and lack of acclimatization by coral colonies growing in areas of persistent natural acidification. PNAS 2013 : 1301589110v1-201301589.
  • Eran Hades, Micha Ilan, Muki Shpigel. Oxygen consumption by a coral reef sponge. Journal of Experimental Biology. 2008. (
  • Jasper M. de Goeij, Dick van Oevelen, Mark J. A. Vermeij, Ronald Osinga, Jack J. Middelburg, Anton F. P. M. de Goeij, and Wim Admiraal. Surviving in a Marine Desert: The Sponge Loop Retains Resources Within Coral Reefs. Science 4 October 2013: 342 (6154), 108-110. [DOI:10.1126/science.1241981]

  • K. Lee Lerner and Brenda wilmoth Lerner, Sponges. The Gale Encyclopedia of Science (
  • Lester Kwiatkowski, Peter M. Cox, Theo Economou, Paul R. Halloran, Peter J. Mumby, Ben B. B. Booth, Jessica Carilli, et al. (2013). Caribbean coral growth influenced by anthropogenic aerosol emissions. Nature Geoscience. doi:10.1038/ngeo1780
  • Reece JS, Passeri D, Ehrhart L, Hagen SC and others (2013) Sea level rise, land use, and climate change influence the distribution of loggerhead turtle nests at the largest USA rookery (Melbourne Beach, Florida). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 493:259-274.
  • Michael W. Taylor, et al. Sponge-Associated Microorganisms. (
  • Ruppert JLW, Travers MJ, Smith LL, Fortin M-J, Meekan MG (2013) Caught in the Middle: Combined Impacts of Shark Removal and Coral Loss on the Fish Communities of Coral Reefs. PLoS ONE 8(9): e74648. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0074648
  • Stoddart, D.R. “Coral Reefs: the Last Two Million Years.” Geography 58 (1973): 313-23. Web. 21 Feb 2013.
  • Wang, Zhuo. The draft genomes of soft-shell turtle and green sea turtle yield insights into the development and evolution of the turtle-specific body plan. 2013. Nature Genetics. 45:701-706.
  • Catastrophe and the life span of coral reefs, Richard B. Aronson, William F. Precht, Ian G. Macintyre, and Lauren T. Toth, Ecology 2012 93:2, 303-313.
  • Dixon, Danielle L., and Mark E. Hay. "Corals Chemically Cue Mutualistic Fishes to Remove Competing Seaweeds." Science 338.6108 (2012): 804-07. Print.
  • Marcus, Erin N. "Marine Toxins." Marine Toxins. Ed. James F. Wiley, II. UpToDate, Inc., 17 Dec. 2012. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.
  • Jeffrey, C.F.G., V.R. Leeworthy, M.E. Monaco, G. Piniak, M. Fonseca (eds.). 2012. An Integrated Biogeographic Assessment of Reef Fish Populations and Fisheries in Dry Tortugas: Effects of No-take Reserves. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 111. Prepared by the NCCOS Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment Biogeography Branch. Silver Spring, MD. 147 pp. Web. 24 Feb.
  • O’Leary, J.K., Potts, D.C., Braga, J.C., and McClanahan, T.R. 2012. Indirect consequences of fishing: reduction of coralline algae suppresses juvenile coral abundance. Coral Reefs 31: 547-559.
  • "No-take Marine Reserve Basics." Advocates for Wild, Healthy Oceans. The Ocean Conservancy, 27 July 2012.
  • Patankar V, D'Souza E, Kumaraguru A, Arthur R. Distance-related thresholds and influence of the 2004 tsunami on damage and recovery patterns of coral reefs in the Nicobar Islands. Current Science (00113891) [serial online]. April 25, 2012;102(8):1199-1205. Available from: Academic Search Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed February 27, 2013.
  • Anticamara, J.A., Watson, B., Gelchu, A., and Pauly, D. 2011. Global fishing effort (1950–2010): Trends, gaps, and implications. Fisheries Research 107(1-3): 131-136.
  • Jupiter, S.D., et al. (2011). Ecosystem-Based Management in Fiji: Successes and Challenges after Five Years of Implementation. Journal of Marine Biology. 1-14.
  • Lentz JA, Blackburn JK, Curtis AJ (2011) Evaluating Patterns of a White-Band Disease (WBD) Outbreak in Acropora palmata Using Spatial Analysis: A Comparison of Transect and Colony Clustering. PLoS ONE 6(7): e21830. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0021830
  • Barbour et al. "Mangrove use by the invasive lionfish Pterois volitans." Mar Ecol Prog Ser. Vol. 401: 291-294. 2010
  • Fabricius, Katharina E., Glenn De'ath, Marji Lee Puotinen, Terry Done, Timothy F. Cooper, and Scott C Burgess. "Disturbance Gradients on Inshore and Offshore Coral Reefs Caused by a Severe Tropical Cyclone." Diss. N.d. Abstract. Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography. N.p., 2010. Web. 26 Feb. 2013.
  • Knittweis, Leyla, and Matthias Wolff. "Live Coral Trade Impacts On The Mushroom Coral Heliofungia Actiniformis In Indonesia: Potential Future Management Approaches." Biological Conservation 143.11 (2010): 2722-2729. Academic Search Complete. Web. 23 Apr. 2013.
  • National Research Council. Assessment of Sea-Turtle Status and Trends: Integrating Demography and Abundance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2010. Accessed at:
  • "The Oceans Are in a Crisis. Greenpeace Has a Plan to save Them." Greenpeace International. N.p., Apr. 2010.
  • Aronson, Richard B. and Precht, William F. “White-band disease and the changing face of Caribbean coral reefs.” 2009. Hydrobiologia 460: 25-38
  • Caras, Tamir, Pasternak, Zohar . Long-term environmental impact of coral mining at the Wakatobi marine park, Indonesia. Ocean & coastal management 52.10 2009: 539-544. Elsevier. 20 Feb. 2013.
  • Morris, James A. and John L. Akins. "Feeding ecology of invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans) in the Bahamian archipelago." Environ Biol Fish. Vol. 86: 389:398. 2009
  • WCS (2009) Ecosystem‐Based Management Plan: Kubulau District, Vanua Levu, Fiji, Wildlife Conservation Society, Suva, Fiji.
  • Albins, Mark A. and Mark A. Hixon. "Invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans reduce recruitment of Atlantic coral-reef fishes." Mar Ecol Prog Ser. Vol. 367: 233-238. 2008
  • K.R.N. Anthony, et al. (2008). Ocean acidification causes bleaching loss in coral reef builders. PNAS vol. 105 no. 45.
  • Best,Barbara and Bornbusch, Alan. "Global Trade and Consumer Choices: Coral Reefs in Crisis." Coral Reefs in Crisis. N.p., 2008. 26 Feb. 2013.
  • Danovaro, R., Bongiorni,, L., Corinaldesi, C., Giovannelli, D., Pusceddu, A., Damiani, E., Astolfi, P., & Greci, L. (2008). Sunscreens cause coral bleaching by promoting viral infections. Environmental Health Perspectives, 116(4), 441-447.
  • Krystal L. Rypien, Jason P. Andras and C. Drew Harvell. Globally panmictic population structure in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus sydowii. Molecular Ecology (2008) 17, 4068–4078 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.03894.x
  • Rowland, Hannah M. “From Abbott Thayer to the present day: what have we learned about the function of countershading?” 2008. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London Biological Sciences. 364:519-527
  • Ferrer, Ryan P., and Richard K. Zimmer. "Neuroecology, Chemical Defense, and the Keystone Species Concept." The Biological Bulletin 213.3 (2007): 208-25. Print.
  • O. Hoegh-Guldberg, et al. (2007). Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification. Science 318, 1737.
  • T. Tyrrell (2007). Calcium Carbonate Cycling in Future Oceans and its Influence on Future Climates. J. Plankton Res. (2008) 30 (2): 141-156. doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbm105
  • Cinner, J.E., and McClanahan, T.R. 2006. Socioeconomic factors that lead to overfishing in small-scale coral reef fisheries of Papua New Guinea. Environmental Conservation 33(1): 73-80.
  • Daley, Ben, and Peter Griggs. "Mining The Reefs And Cays: Coral, Guano And Rock Phosphate Extraction In The Great Barrier Reef, Australia, 1844-1940." Environment & History (09673407) 12.4 (2006): 395-433. Environment Complete. Web. 20 Feb. 2013.
  • Hartley, T.W., et al. (2006). Stakeholder Engagement, Cooperative Fisheries, Research and Democratic Science: The Case of the Northeast Consortium. Human Ecology Review. 13:161-177.
  • S. C. Doney. “The Dangers of Ocean Acidification.” Scientific American. March 2006. pg 62.
  • Gochfield, Deborah, Julie Olson, and Marc Slattery. “Colony Versus Population Variation in Susceptibility and Resistance to Dark Spot Syndrome in the Caribbean Coral Siderastrea Siderea.” Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 69 (2006): 53–65. Inter-Research. Web. 02-26-13.
  • Reshef, L., Koren, O., Loya, Y., Zilber-Rosenberg, I. and Rosenberg, E. (2006), The Coral Probiotic Hypothesis. Environmental Microbiology, 8: 2068–2073. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01148.x
  • Spotila, J.R., A.E. Dunham, A.J. Leslie, A.C. Steyermark, P.T. Plotkin and F.V. Paladino. 1996. Worldwide population decline of Dermochelys coriacea: Are leatherback turtles going extinct? Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 2(2):209-222.
  • Stewart, Hannah L., Sally J. Holbrook, Russell J. Schmitt, and Andrew J. Brooks. "Symbiotic Crabs Maintain Coral Health by Clearing Sediments." Coral Reefs 25.4 (2006): 609-15. Print.
  • Scheffer, M., Carpenter, S., and de Young, B. 2005. Cascading effects of overfishing marine systems. Trends in Technology & Evolution 20(11): 579-581.
  • Valentine, J.F, and Heck, K.L. 2005. Perspective review of the impacts of overfishing on coral reef food web linkages. Coral Reefs 24(2): 209-213
  • Guzmán, Héctor M., Carlos Guevara, and Arcadio Castillo. "Natural Disturbances And Mining Of Panamanian Coral Reefs By Indigenous People." Conservation Biology 17.5 (2003): 1396. Academic Search Complete. Web. 20 Feb. 2013.
  • Bolten, Alan B. "Variation in sea turtle life history patterns: neritic vs. oceanic developmental stages." The biology of sea turtles 2 (2003): 243-257.
  • Hughes, T.P., A.H. Baird, D.R. Bellwood, M. Card, S.R. Connolly, C. Folke, R. Grosberg, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, J.B.C. Jackson, J. Kleypas, J.M. Lough, P. Marshall, M. Nystrom, S.R. Palumbi, J.M. Pandolfi, B. Rosen, and J. Roughgarden. "Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs." Science 301.5635 (2003): 929-33. Science Magazine. 15 Aug. 2003. Web. 26 Feb. 2013.
  • Bruckner, A. (2002). Life-Saving Products from Coral Reefs. Issues in Science and Technology. Spring Ed.
  • Kass-Simon, G., and A.A. Scappaticci, Jr. "The Behavioral and Developmental Physiology of Nematocysts." Canadian Journal of Zoology 80.10 (2002): 1772-794. Print.
  • Katz, R.W. Sir Gilbert Walker and a Connection between El Nino and Statistics. Statistical Science, 17 (2002), 97-117.
  • Levin et al. "Community-wide effects of non-indigenous species on temperate rocky reefs." Ecology. Vol. 83: 3182:3193, 2002
  • Jackson, J.B.C., Kirby, M.X., Berger, W.H., Bjorndal, K.A., Botsford, L.W., Bourque, B.J., Bradbury, R.H., Cooke, R., Erlandson, J.,Estes, J.A., Hughes, T.P., Kidwell, S., Lange, C.B., Lenihan, H.S., Pandolfi, J.M., Peterson, C.H., Steneck, R.S., Tegner, M.J., and Warner, R.R. 2001. Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems. Science 293(5530): 629-638.
  • Lackey, R. T. (2001). Values, policy, and ecosystem health. Bioscience 51:437-443.
  • Shinn, Eugene A., et al. "African dust and the demise of Caribbean coral reefs." Geophysical Research Letters 27.19 (2000): 3029-3032.
  • Tilmant, James. Coral Reef Protected Areas: A Guide for Management. Prepared by the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force Working Group on Ecosystem Science and Conservation. March, 2000.
  • Wilkinson C, Linden O, Cesar H, Hodgson G, Rubens J, Strong AE (1999) Ecological and socioeconomic impacts of 1998 coral mortality in the Indian Ocean: An ENSO impact and a warning of future change? Ambio 28(2): 188-196.
  • Bryant, Dirk, Burke, Lauretta, McManus, John, Spalding, Mark, et. al. Reefs at Risk: A Map-Based Indicator of Threats to the World’s Coral Reefs. 1998. World Resources Institute (WRI), International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (ICLARM), World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • Lohmann, K.J and Lohmann, C.M.F. Orientation and Open-Sea Navigation in Sea Turtles. 1996. The Journal of Experimental Biology 199:73-81.
  • Botsford, L.W., et al. (1997). The management of fisheries and marine ecosystems. Science. 277:509-515.
  • Roberts, C.M. 1997. Connectivity and management of Caribbean coral reefs. Science 278(5342): 1454-1457.
  • Holling, C.S. and G.K. Meffe. (1996). Control and the pathology of natural resource management. Conservation Biology 10(2): 328-337.
  • Nicholas K. Dulvy, Damon Stanwell-Smith, William R. T. Darwall and Chris J. Horrill Ambio. Coral Mining at Mafia Island, Tanzania: A Management Dilemma. Vol. 24, No. 6 (Sep., 1995), pp. 358-365. 20 Feb. 2013.
  • Clark, S., and AJ Edwards. "Use of Artificial Reef Structures to Rehabilitate Reef Flats Degraded by Coral Mining in the Maldives." Bulletin of Marine Science 55 (1994): 724-44. Articles +. 20 Feb. 2013.
  • Harmelin-Vivien, Mireille L. "The Effects of Storms and Cyclones on Coral Reefs: A Review." Journal of Coastal Research (1994): 211-31. JSTOR. Coastal Education & Research Foundation, Inc. Web. 26 Feb. 2013.
  • Scoffin, T.P. "The Geological Effects of Hurricanes on Coral Reefs and the Interpretation of Storm Deposits - Springer." Coral Reefs 12.3-4 (1993): 203-21. Springer Link. Springer-Verlag, 01 Nov. 1993. Web. 26 Feb. 2013.
  • Dawson Shepherd, Alec R, Warwick, Richard M., Clarke, K. Robert, & Brown, Barbara E. An analysis of fish community responses to coral mining in the Maldives. Environmental biology of fishes 33.4 01 Apr 1992: 367-380. Springer. 20 Feb. 2013.
  • Moats, William E. "Fire Coral Envenomation." Wilderness and Environmental Medicine 3.3 (1992): 284-87. Print.
  • Rogers, C.S. "Responses of Coral Reefs and Reef Organisms to Sedimentation." Marine Ecology Progress Series 62 (1990): 185-202. Print.
  • Glynn PW (1984) Widespread coral mortality and the 1982-83 El Nino warming event. Environmental Conservation 11(2): 133-146.
  • Chemical Defense Mechanisms on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia – Gerald J. Bakus. Science. New Series, Vol. 211, No. 4481 (Jan. 30, 1981). pp. 497-499


  • Spencer, Tom. “Glacial Control Hypothesis.” Cambridge Coastal Research Unit. University of Cambridge. Springer Reference 2013. Web. 22 Feb 2013.
  • Best, Barbara. "International Trade in Coral Reef Animals: Causes, Consequences and Courses of Action." (2010): n. pag. Print.
  • Alcock, John. Animal Behavior: An Evolutionary Approach. 2009. 9th edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc.
  • H. van Oppen, M. J., & Lough, J. M. (2009). Coral bleaching: Patterns, processes, causes and consequences. (Vol. 205). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Retrieved from
  • Sumich, James L. An Introduction to the Biology of Marine Life, Seventh Edition. WCB/McGraw Hill. 1999.
  • Marion McClary (Topic Editor) "Threats to coral reefs". In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth August 25, 2008; Last revised Date July 14, 2012; Retrieved February 25, 2013
  • Laura Barsanti, Paolo Gualtieri. "Algae: Anatomy, Biochemistry, and Biotechnology." CRC Pres. Taylor & Francis Group. 2006. Danvers, MA. Print. [cited 2013 April 12]
  • Burke, Lauretta Marie., and Jonathan Maidens. Reefs at Risk in the Caribbean. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute, 2004. Print.
  • Meffe, Gary K. Ecosystem Management: Adaptive, Community-Based Conservation. Washington, D.C: Island Press, 2002. Print.
  • Tackett, Denise and Larry. Reef Life: Natural History and Behaviors of Marine Fishes and Invertebrates. Neptune City, NJ: T.F.H Publications, 2002. Print.
  • Spalding, Mark D., Ravilious, Corinna, and Green, Edmund P. World Atlas of Coral Reefs. Prepared at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Cambridge, UK. 2001. Print.
  • Green, E.P. and Shirley, F. 1999. The Global Trade in Corals. World Conservation Monitoring Centre. World Conservation Press,Cambridge UK.
  • Ove Hoegh-Guldberg et al. Climate Change Coral Bleaching and the Future of the World's Coral Reefs. University of Sydney. Amsterdam : Greenpeace International, ca. juni 1999. ISBN 90-73361-52-4.
  • Strykowski, Joe and Rena M. Bonem. Palaces Under the Sea. Crystal River, FL: Star Thrower Foundation, 1993. Print.